Decoding Modern Racial Discourse A System Justification Theory Approach by Robin Parker

“As a person who conducts anti-racism training, I am immersed in the issue of race in the United States. I find the work rewarding because it focuses on human equality and compassion for others. During my twenty years of leading anti-racism training, however, particular conversations between me and the training participants have been frustrating.” Read more

Decentering Whiteness, 2015 Edition by Jeff Hitchcock and Charley Flint

“There exists in the United States a mainstream culture that is less white than it used to be. The mainstream forms the “center” of American society. This does not mean all people adhere to that center, or that the center is truly multiracial. It is not. We contend that it is still very white, and more similar to its historical position of being nearly all-white than to some future time when the mainstream might be truly multiracial. Read more

Understanding White Privilege by Francis E. Kendall, Ph.D.,

“Privilege, particularly white or male privilege, is hard to see for those of us who were born with access to power and resources. It is very visible for those to whom privilege was not granted.” Read more

White Fragility by Robin DiAngelo

“White people in North America live in a social environment that protects and insulates them from race-based stress. This insulated environment of racial protection builds white expectations for racial comfort while at the same time lowering the ability to tolerate racial stress, leading to what I refer to as White Fragility.” Read more